Triglycerides, how and where they are formed, and what they are
Triglycerides are the main type of fat transported by the body.
It is named after its chemical structure. After eating, the body digests the fats in food and releases triglycerides into the blood. These are transported throughout the body for energy or to be stored as fat.
An increase in triglycerides in the bloodstream causes hypertriglyceridemia. These are fatty substances that go directly to the circulatory (blood) system and body of the body. Triglycerides are produced in the liver and can cause cholesterol.
The main causes which raise blood triglyceride levels are genetic inheritance, eating foods rich in saturated fats and sugars exceeding the maximum calories, alcoholic beverages, tobacco, some medications, poorly controlled type 2 diabetes, genetic disorders , overweight or obesity, and not doing physical activity or sedentary lifestyle.
These, once transformed into cholesterol, go directly to the arteries and cause atheroma plaques, which make it much more difficult for the blood to pass through the arteries.
High triglyceride levels cause thrombosis, myocardial infarction or stroke; these levels in the circulation must exceed 200mg / dl. One of the most serious consequences is the increase and accumulation of fats in the liver, found in the digestive system, this will generate hepatic steatosis, values that exceed 1000 ml / dL can also cause pancreatitis.
Triglycerides are synthesized in the liver, if we exceed the lipid levels in our daily diet, we have a greater chance of getting coronary heart disease and arteriosclerosis, this is due to increased fats in the arteries. Diabetes, hypothyroidism, kidney and liver diseases are all due to an increase in triglycerides. If diabetes is not controlled, levels of these are increased.